|President Kagame addresses students at Peking University|
Beijing, 15 September 2012
President Kagame today addressed over 100 students at Peking University, which is believed to be one of the oldest Universities in China. Professor Justin Lin, a former World Bank chief economist and author of “The Quest for Prosperity” welcomed President Kagame by reflecting on his visit to Rwanda.
“I was very inspired by the development in Rwanda and moved by the enthusiasm of its citizens for their future and the motivation the government to serve the people. I am convinced that if Taiwan can do it, China can do it, and Rwanda can also change from a low income nation to a high income one within one to two generations. President Kagame is the man who can make it happen.”
President Kagame gave a historical perspective of the relationship between China and Africa dating back to the 15th century by describing three phases, beginning with the 15th century trade with Malindi, followed by China's support for decolonization of multiple African countries and leading up to the third and current phase.
“It has never been about subjugation. Instead, China-Africa relations have been about cooperation."
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President Kagame added that this did not mean that both nations always agreed on everything but rather there is a foundation upon which to further refine a mutually beneficial relationship. Sharing his views on aid with the students, President Kagame said;
"Aid has perpetuated dependency...unless aid aims to enhance individual and institutional capacity,it will not work. We need investments that promote entrepreneurship and innovation from within and from outside our continent. With China and Africa making up 1/3 of the population and a commitment towards collaboration from all involved parties, the opportunity for mutually beneficial partnership is unquestionable."
The students were then given a chance to ask President Kagame questions. One student asked the President how Rwanda balanced donor conditionalities with the resolve to own its development.
“For a country to develop, people will have to take ownership of that process of development, no one is going to hand it to you. We must challenge ourselves and also challenge others. We appreciate the help from outside but we must lead our process. We have seen it work in multiple areas including agriculture.”
Students also asked the President about the current relationship with international organizations, and particularly the World Bank. President Kagame recognised the progress made by many institutions in changing traditional operating procedures.
President Kagame explained that Rwanda's stance on organizations is based on Rwanda's history of witnessing how much has been spent with very few recognizable results.
“In Rwanda, our system, without spending so much, has achieved so much more than other institutions who claim to support our processes,”President Kagame explained. However, he also recognized a change in the way the World Bank has begun to do business. “People have learned that to be helpful they must listen to needs and to new ideas of how things can be done differently.” President Kagame expressed.